Giorgio Morandi enrolled in the Accademia di Belle Arti of Bologna, where he received his diploma in 1913. In 1915, he joined the army but suffered a breakdown and was indefinitely discharged. Though surrounded academically and socially with legacies of great Italian masters, both historical and contemporary, Morandi opted for modernity in his paintings, characterised by the defined outlines of objects and the sombre, muted colours of the still-life arrangements of bottles, vases and jugs on a table. His work largely lacked symbolism, though both during and after his death, many critics search for significance behind his choice of objects and their arrangement.