Thomas received a BFA in Photography and Africana Studies from New York University in 1998, followed by an MFA in Photography and an MA in Visual and Critical Studies from California College of the Arts, San Francisco, in 2004. He has exhibited at institutions such as the International Center of Photography in New York and the Baltimore Museum of Art in Baltimore. Public collections include the High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York; and the National Museum of Art, Washington, DC.